Table of Contents
Kluwer Arbitration is the world's leading online resource for international arbitration research. It contains a wealth of commentary from expert authors and an extensive collection of primary source materials. Plus, as a subscriber you gain access to exclusive materials, including one of the world's largest collection of ICC awards.
No other resource comes close to providing the breadth and depth of KluwerArbitration.com.
Searching and browsing is quick and simple, as the database has been organized into the following specific arbitration categories: Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs), Conventions, Countries, Legislation, NY Convention Decisions, Organizations, and Rules. Each main category is further grouped into the following regions: Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, South America, and Oceania. Once a region is selected, all countries containing documents in the selected category will display.
1. Primary materials:
o Bilateral Investment Treaties: almost 1,700 bilateral investment treaties;
o Case Law: over 5,000 court decisions and 1,750 awards;
o Conventions: 25 multilateral treaties;
o Legislation: almost 500 laws for key jurisdictions;
o Model Clauses: close to 100 model clauses from major arbitral institutions; and
o Rules: over 400 rules from major arbitral institutions.
2. Analytical content:
o 88 books;
o 5 journals; and
o 2 loose-leafs.
o 3 Smart Charts edited by Clifford Chance LLP
o IAI Arbitrator Tool developed in conjunction with the International Arbitration Institute
The above types of content are drawn from
1. Content possessed by Kluwer Law International, as published by the company in print and administered by the Developmental Editor.
o Such content gained through publication in arbitration journals (Arbitration International, ASA Bulletin and the Journal of International Arbitration) and loose-leafs (NAFTA Chapter 11 and the ICCA Handbook on International Commercial Arbitration) is included automatically and indiscriminately, including all past and future issues/supplements.
o Such content gained through publication in arbitration books is included only upon selection, save for the materials published in the ICCA Yearbook Commercial Arbitration, which are also included automatically and indiscriminately, including all past and future issues.
2. Content licensed by Kluwer Law International, as published by other publishing companies but provided for inclusion in the database. At present such content encompasses:
o all issues of the Revue de l'arbitrage journal from 1986 onwards;
o all issues of the Asian International Arbitration journal;
o the book Law and Practice of International Commercial Arbitration (4th ed., 2004) by Redfern, Hunter, Blackaby and Partasides; and
o the book Arbitral Awards of the Cairo Regional Centre for International Commercial Arbitration 1997-2000 (2003) by Eldin.
3. Content delivered to Kluwer Law International, as provided by third parties for inclusion in the database only.
o Bilateral Investment Treaties, dates provided bi-annually by Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer, documents provided by Penn State;
o Conventions, court decisions and awards, legislation, model clauses, newsletter and rules, all provided monthly by the ITA if not featured in possessed or licensed publications;
o Organizations, provided by Kluwer; and
o All blog entries posted on the Kluwer Arbitration Blog.
o For a full overview of the wide range of print publications included in the online database, please consult the books and journals pages.
4. Content from Practice Tools provided for the Smart Charts by Clifford Chance LLP and the IAI Arbitrator Tool from International Arbitration Institute (IAI).
With Kluwer Arbitration, you can:
The following minimum recommended system requirements are required to use Kluwer Arbitration.
Subscribers will only be able to view documents within the Kluwer Arbitration database after having logged in to the website. Customers with IP-based access will be logged in to KluwerArbitration automatically.
1. Find and click the Login link near the upper-right side of the page. The Login page will display.
2. Enter your User ID and Password.
3. Click the Login button. The home page will display.
You are now logged in to the Kluwer Arbitration application and can access all documents contained within the database. Near the upper-right side of the page you will see your display name next to the Log off link.
Note: Kluwer Arbitration may also be accessed through IRN/Intelliconnect.
You are now logged out of the Kluwer Arbitration application.
All materials are grouped into 7 browsable categories in the Browse Categories section on the home page or by rolling over the Browse Categories button on the top menu. Additionally, Books, Journals, and newly added items to the database are also browsable.
The BITs Browse Category, compiled in association with Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer and Penn State, is an overview of all ICSID Contracting States that have entered into bilateral investment treaties (and bilateral free trade agreements) with other ICSID Contracting States.
For each country, a table shows all the countries with which a BIT has been entered into. The date of signature and (if available) entry into force are also provided.
For BITs entered into by/with states that are not signatories to ICSID, for example Canada, Mexico, Poland and Turkey, please consult the Countries Browse Category for these countries or use the Search Engine. Further information can be found in the Guide to ICSID Arbitration by Lucy Reed, Jan Paulsson & Nigel Blackaby, also included in Kluwer Arbitration.
The Conventions category contains the most important conventions dealing with arbitration. If available, documents in this category will contain a link to a list of Contracting States.
The Countries category allows you to browse materials on the site by country, including: organizations, court decisions, BITs, awards, legislation, rules and commentary. This means that if you are researching a specific country you will be able to find all the relevant information in one easy to use repository.
The Legislation category provides direct access to the texts of national laws by country. Please note that this category also includes old versions of these documents that are no longer applicable but are still valuable for research.
The NY Convention Decisions browse category has been developed together with the International Council for Commercial Arbitration (ICCA) to allow users to better conduct research on the New York Convention and on related court decisions. By simply selecting an article of the convention and one of Prof. Albert Jan van den Berg's topics, you can access all associated court decisions in the database convention, as well as a wide range of corresponding commentary.
The Rules category provides direct access to a directory of the world's most significant organizations, providing a list of hyperlinks for the arbitral institutions and related rules and awards where available. Please note that this category also includes old versions of these documents that are no longer applicable but are still valuable for research
o Organization which links to the organization website,
o Rules (if available) which links to a document list of rules associated with an organization, and
o Awards (if available) which links to a document list of awards associated with an organization.
The Kluwer Arbitration virtual library includes a wealth of authoritative publications from the extensive Kluwer Law International arbitration catalogue.
The Kluwer Arbitration virtual library also includes all issues of five of the world's leading arbitration periodicals:
The New on the Site section displays recently added items to the Kluwer Arbitration database over a period of 30 circa days. These items are also displayed separately on the home page under:
The items are listed together in the New on the Site section, indicating whether they are news and materials, blog posts or recently added materials.
The IAI Arbitrator Tool has been developed in conjunction with the International Arbitration Institute (IAI). The IAI maintains a Directory of members that is considered one of the best sources of biographical information on arbitration specialists. It contains biographical details of over 600 members in 44 countries.
The IAI Arbitrator Tool allows you to search the IAI Directory and compare the members’ details. In addition, the tool links up to members’ publications and awards in the Kluwer Arbitration database. The IAI Arbitrator Tool contains profiles of all IAI members that have provided their consent to be involved.
Using the IAI Arbitrator Tool you can search for an arbitration specialist either by name or critera.
o Country of residence
o Academic position(s)
o Experience as arbitrator
o Experience as counsel
o Recent publication(s), including links to documents available on Kluwer Arbitration
o Recent award(s) , including links to documents available on Kluwer Arbitration
o Bar Admission(s)
o Excluded Nationality
o Country of Residence
o Experience as Arbitrator
o Experience as Counsel
2. Select or omit these criteria for your search by scrolling down and ticking the relevant boxes under the categories provided.
Click on Search
or press ‘Enter’ on your keyboard to display the results of your search at the
bottom of the page, with the name, nationality and country of residence
specified for all the IAI members that conform to the criteria selected.
Note: The list of details for each arbitrator can be expanded or collapsed by pressing the + or – buttons.
4. Compare an unlimited number of arbitrators from your criteria based search for further research.
5. Select the arbitrators you are interested in by checking the relevant boxes or by checking the Select all box. Click Compare or press ‘Enter’ on your keyboard to display a side-by-side comparison of all the IAI members selected.
Note: To view the IAI Directory in general or view the full IAI profile of an arbitrator in particular, please click the hyperlinks highlighted by the green IAI logo. This will take you to the relevant page of the http://www.iaiparis.com website.
The Smart Charts have been edited by Audley Sheppard, Head of International Arbitration Group, Clifford Chance LLP, with the assistance of James Dingley, Clifford Chance LLP, and a dedicated team of country contributors.
The question and answer Smart Charts allow you to quickly examine and/or compare specific content by particular jurisdiction or arbitral institution. The charts include:
Each set of Smart Charts is accessible in three simple steps. After having chosen a particular set of Smart Charts do the following:
1. Select one or more jurisdictions or arbitral institutions (depending on the type of Smart Charts chosen) that you would like to compare by checking the relevant boxes. Then press Next at the bottom of the screen.
one or more topics/sub-topics/questions that you would like to examine for the
jurisdiction(s) or arbitral institution(s) selected previously. Then press Next
at the bottom of the screen.
Note: To return to the previews screen to review and/or amend your selection, press the Prev button. Also, the list of topics/sub-topics can be expanded or collapsed by pressing the + or – buttons.
3. Review the results of your selection.
o To go back a step to review and/or amend your selection, press the Prev button at the bottom of the screen.
o To undertake a fresh query, press ‘Start Over’.
Note: The results can be displayed in a ‘Chart View’ or in a ‘Matrix View’ (see the drop-down option at the top of the screen). The chart view allows you to see the related hierarchy of topics/sub-topics for each query while the matrix view presents all the selected queries side-by-side in a table. The results can be printed by pressing the printer icon, or exported, either as a MS Excel spreadsheet or MS Word document, by pressing the export icon.
The Quick Search feature enables you to search and refine results afterwards throughout all content categories and sources wherever you are on the site. To refine your search beforehand, please use the advanced search form to combine two or more search fields.
The Advanced Search form includes a variety of options for performing a customized, advanced search. The Advanced Search page includes various free text search term fields, date restrictors and drop down lists that allow you to further customize your search.
The Advanced Search page contains the following search fields:
Once you have entered your search criteria and processed your search, your search results list will display. At this point, you will have the option to open a single document or to select multiple documents to email or print. You will also have the option to narrow down the displayed results by using the following:
The numbers between brackets in the filters and document type tabs indicate
the number of occurences;
as a document type occurs only once in a document, the number of document type occurences equals the number of documents.
For the other filters counts that in one document a term can occur multiple times and hence for these filters the number of occurences does not equal the number of documents.
When using an Asterisk (*) Wildcard, type an asterisk (*) in place of a character in your search term to indicate that any number of characters can be substituted in place of the asterisk.
For example, if you type arbitra* as your search term, your results will include arbitrability, arbitration, arbitrations, etc.
Use double quotes (" ") to define a phrase rather than a simple collection of terms.
Boolean operators are words that are used to combine different kinds of searches within one field.
You can use the following Boolean operators to refine your search term(s):
The precedence of the Boolean operators that can be used in the quick search is as follows: NOT, NEAR, AND, OR.
Queries like ‘x near y and z near a’ are processed from left to right and operators are handled in order of precedence. Operator NOT has the highest rank, while operator OR has the lowest.
In example 'x near y and z near a', operator 'near' has precedence over 'and', so the order of processing will be:
1. x near y
2. z near a
3. 'result of 1' and 'result of 2'
Another example: 'a near b and not c' is processed like this:
1. a near b
2. not c
3. 'result of 1' and 'result of 2'
When you do a search via the advanced search form or the quick search, you will get a list of search results. You can save the search results by bookmarking the result page of a search, e.g. by adding them to your favorites in your browser. When you return to the bookmark later, the search result is displayed.
Kluwer Arbitration enables you to email selected documents from a document or search results list.
Recipients will receive a header in their email, not the whole document. Clicking the header will take the recipient back to the specific document on Kluwer Arbitration. Note: Recipients of emailed documents also need to be Arbitration subscribers to be able to open the documents sent to them.
Tip! Multiple documents can be selected at one time. To select all the listed documents, click the Select all button.
Kluwer Arbitration enables you to print selected documents both from a document or search results list and from individual documents.
Important! Please refrain from using the print icon in your browser menu bar (ALT+R). Also, please refrain from choosing Print (CTRL+P) from the File menu. Due to browser-related bugs, which cannot be addressed by Kluwer Law International, this will not have the desired effect of printing documents in full.
1. Select one or multiple documents by checking the check box next to each document that you want to print.
2. Select Print Selected from the Email Selected/Print Selected dropdown menu.
3. Click the Go button. The Print Preview page will display for the selected document(s).
4. Go to ‘File’ > ‘Print Preview’ and then chose ‘Print’ to print the document(s) as displayed in the Print Preview Page.
Tip! Multiple documents can be selected at one time. To select all the listed documents, click the Select all on this page checkbox.
1. Select and open the document of your choice.
2. Click on the Printer icon. The Print Preview page will display for the selected document.
3. Go to ‘File’ > ‘Print Preview’ and then choose ‘Print’ to print the document as displayed in the Print Preview Page.
Kluwer Arbitration Blog is a publication of Kluwer Law International providing information and news on international arbitration. We have gathered together leading experts from law firms, arbitration institutions, and academia to report on the latest developments. They in turn have enlisted professional colleagues of diverse backgrounds to offer both established and new voices into the mix. The result is a fresh, high-quality, and timely examination of the world of international arbitration.
The Kluwer Arbitration Blog consists of regular entries of commentary and description of events. Entries are displayed in reverse-chronological order. Ã‚Â The main page has a contributors section that lists the latest posts from the frequent contributors to the Kluwer Arbitration Blog. You can also view Summaries and Full Text versions of RSS feeds. Additionally, you can search blogs by categories, Contributor List, Affiliates List, or Archives. Finally, readers are encouraged to leave comments with each post.
The ITA Report is a periodic overview of all the news and materials covered by the ITA Board of Reporters and added to the Kluwer Arbitration database, which is sent to subscribers via email. Customers can subscribe to the ITA Report by signing up to on the home page in the ITA Report section.