Search Tips

Using Wildcards

The Asterisk (*) Wildcard

When using an Asterisk (*) Wildcard, type an asterisk (*) in place of a character in your search term to indicate that any number of characters can be substituted in place of the asterisk.

For example, if you type arbitra* as your search term, your results will include arbitrability, arbitration, arbitrations, etc.

The Double Quotes (" ") Wildcard

Use double quotes (" ") to define a phrase rather than a simple collection of terms.

Using Boolean Operators

The Boolean search method allows you to type expressions using the Boolean connectors AND, OR, AND NOT and NEAR when performing a search. Boolean operators are words that are used to combine different kinds of searches within one field. You can use the Boolean operators to refine your search term(s) as follows:

AND
Use AND to search for documents containing each term at least once.
OR
Use OR to search for documents containing at least one of the terms.
AND NOT
Use AND NOT to search for documents containing the first term but not the second term.
NEAR
Use NEAR to search for documents with the first term and the second term, and with maximal 4 words between them.

Precedence of Boolean operators

The precedence of the Boolean operators that can be used in the quick search is as follows: NOT, NEAR, AND, OR.

Queries like ‘x near y and z near a’ are processed from left to right and operators are handled in order of precedence. Operator NOT has the highest rank, while operator OR has the lowest.

In example 'x near y and z near a', operator 'near' has precedence over 'and', so the order of processing will be:

1.x near y
2.z near a
3.'result of 1' and 'result of 2'

Another example: 'a near b and not c' is processed like this:

1.a near b
2.not c
3.'result of 1' and 'result of 2'